The Snowy Owl is circumpolar and can be found in Diet
Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Russia, and many areas
north of the Arctic Circle. It has a wide distribution area
and will at times migrate to areas south of the Arctic
Circle. There have been reports of Snowy Owls in
Ireland, China, and as far south as Texas and Georgia.
Snowy Owls will most often feed on small rodents
including lemmings and voles. Rabbits are another
staple of the Snowy Owl's diet. The owls are
opportunistic and will also feed on other types of birds
such as ptarmigans as well as bird eggs of larger
Snowy Owls will build their nests on the ground, typically
in a higher place than the surrounding land so that they
will have good visibility to predators and prey.
Size and Description
Snowy Owls are among the largest owls in the Arctic as
well as North America. They range from 1.75 - 2 feet in
length and have a wingspan of 4.5 - 5.5 feet. Snowy
Owls are white with dark spots, and the amount of spots
will vary from owl to owl. Some Snowy Owls are virtually
all white. Snowy Owls have yellow eyes that are fixed in
the eye socket, and they have the ability to move their
heads approximately 270 degrees in both directions.
Snowy Owls have a thick layer of feathers on their body
as well as their feet to enable them to survive in the
Mating season for Snowy Owls can occur from April -
June and sometimes throughout the summer. The
female Snowy Owl will lay between 2 - 14 eggs per
clutch. After the eggs are laid it will take between 4 - 5
weeks for the eggs to hatch. Both the male and female
will tend to the nest until the young are ready to leave.