The Caribou, or Reindeer, is located in northern countries Diet
such as Canada, Russia, Greenland, Finland, Norway
and Sweden. It can also be found in the state of
The diet of the Caribou varies as the seasons change. In
the summertime, when vegetation is more plentiful,
Caribou will feed on a variety of plants including willow
leaves. In the wintertime, Caribou will use their hooves to
dig through snow to get to moss and other lichens that
lie beneath the arctic surface.
Caribou are migratory animals and are known for mass
migrations across the tundra in search of food. Caribou
are well adapted to living in the tundra with thick fur and
skin that enable them to enter frigid rivers while
migrating. The hooves of caribou are wide to assist
supporting it on surfaces such as mud and snow, and
wide hooves will also help the caribou to dig and swim.
Size and Description
Female Caribou will weigh about 200 pounds, and can
weigh as little as 180 pounds as adults. Males weigh
about twice as much on average but can weigh up to as
much as 600 pounds. Caribou will stand from 35 - 55
inches at the shoulder. Males and females both have
antlers and will shed their antlers at different times in the
year, older males losing theirs after the mating season
and females losing theirs in the summer.
The mating season, or rut, occurs in fall and the calving
season occurs in spring when the female will give birth to
usually one calf.