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Arctic Fox
(Alopex lagopus)


    The Arctic Fox is circumpolar and can be found
    throughout the Arctic region.  This includes parts of
    Canada, Russia, Greenland, Iceland Scandinavia,
    Svalbard, and Alaska.


    Arctic Foxes' diets consist of small mammals including
    voles and lemmings, as well as on birds and their eggs.  
    Arctic Foxes are opportunistic and will sometimes
    scavenge on dead carcasses of animals, and they are
    often seen following Polar Bears to feed on the leftovers
    the bears leave behind.  Arctic Foxes will also eat some
    vegetation such as berries.  


    Like many foxes, the Arctic Fox builds a den.  For the
    Arctic Fox the den can sometimes be in a hillside or river
    bank, and will usually have multiple entrances and exits.  
    The Arctic Fox can be found in arctic or alpine tundra.

Size and Description

    The Arctic Fox measures 3 - 3.5 feet in length from head
    to tail.  The weight of the Arctic Fox can range from 6 - 9
    pounds, with females being smaller than males.  Like
    many animals of the tundra, Arctic Foxes have special
    adaptations to help them survive in extremely cold
    climates.  These adaptations include fur on its paws to
    help keep them warm, a thick, dense coat of fur around
    its body, short ears,  a small body, and a large and
    bushy tail that it uses to curl around its body.  


    Arctic Foxes' mating season occurs in the spring, and
    after a gestation period of 7 - 8 weeks a female Fox will
    give birth to an average litter size of 6 - 8 kits.  
IUCN Status:
Least Concern
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Alopex
Species:  lagopus
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